Credits and references

The information and facts on this site are taken from the Living Planet Report 2020.

In a few instances we have used other sources and these are indicated below.

The authors and contributors to the Living Planet Report 2020 are:

Inger Andersen (United Nations Environment Programme), Mark Anderson (Dasgupta Review Team), Alexandre Antonelli (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), Chris Baker (Wetlands International), William Baldwin-Cantello (WWF-International), Patricia Balvanera (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México - UNAM), BCE/eBMS-ABLE Consortium, Emily Beech (Botanic Gardens Conservation International -BGCI), Julie Bélanger (UN Food and Agriculture Organization - FAO), Julia Blanchard (University of Tasmania), Monika Böhm (Zoological Society of London - ZSL), Stuart Butchart (BirdLife International), Duncan Cameron (University of Sheffield), William W. L. Cheung (Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, The University of British Columbia), Colin Clubbe (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), Sarah Cornell (Stockholm Resilience Centre), Richard Cottrell (University of California Santa Barbara), Partha Dasgupta (University of Cambridge), Fabrice DeClerck (EAT), Stefanie Deinet (Zoological Society of London - ZSL), Moreno di Marco (Sapienza University of Rome), Sandra Díaz (CONICET and Córdoba National University, Argentina and IPBES Global Assessment Co-Chair), Lynn Dicks (University of Cambridge), Sarah Doornbos (WWF-NL), Franz Essl (University of Vienna), Adrienne Etard (University College London - UCL), FABLE Consortium (UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network), Wendy Foden (South African National Parks - SANParks), Robin Freeman (Zoological Society of London - ZSL), Alessandro Galli (Global Footprint Network), Jaboury Ghazoul (ETH Zurich), Eliza Grames (University of Connecticut), Elizabeth Green (UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring - UNEP-WCMC), Guenther Grill (McGill University), Luigi Guarino (Crop Trust ), Neal Haddaway (Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm), Laurel Hanscom (Global Footprint Network), Mike Harfoot (UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring - UNEP-WCMC), Serene Hargreaves (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), Jelle Hilbers (Radboud University Nijmegen), Samantha Hill (UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring - UNEP-WCMC), Craig Hilton-Taylor (IUCN), Richard Holland (Wetlands International), Aelys Humphreys (Stockholm University), Walter Jetz (Yale University), Arwyn Jones (European Commission Joint Research Centre - JRC), Sarah Jones (Bioversity International), Akanksha Khatri (World Economic Forum - WEF), HyeJin Kim (German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research - iDiv), Monica Kobayashi (UN Food and Agriculture Organization - FAO), Guillaume Latombe (University of Vienna), David Leclère (IIASA), Bernhard Lehner (McGill University), Bernd Lenzner (University of Vienna), David Lin (Global Footprint Network), Brian Lueng (McGill University), Eimear Nic Lughadha (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), Carolyn Lundquist (University of Auckland), Jane Madgwick (Wetlands International), Valentina Marconi (Zoological Society of London - ZSL), Marcio Martins (University of São Paulo), Berta Martín-López (Leuphana University, Lüneburg), Emily McKenzie (Dasgupta Review Team), Louise McRae (Zoological Society of London - ZSL), Leticia Merino Perez (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México - UNAM), Guy Midgley (Stellenbosch University), Haroon Mohamoud (Dasgupta Review Team), Zsolt Molnar (Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Graham Montgomery (University of Connecticut), Aline Mosnier (UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network), Tim Newbold (University College London - UCL), Michael Obersteiner (The Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford and IIASA) Natasja Oerlemans (WWF-NL), Jeff Opperman (WWF-International), Alberto Orgiazzi (European Commission Joint Research Centre - JRC), Stuart Orr (WWF-International), Ant Parham (Dasgupta Review Team), Pete Pearson (WWF-US), Henrique Pereira (Martin Luther University), Alexander Pfaff (Duke University), Thomas Pienkowski (Oxford University), Dafydd Pilling (UN Food andAgriculture Organization - FAO), Jamie Pittock (Australian National University), Jack Plummer (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), Jordan Poncet (UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network), Andy Purvis (Natural History Museum, London), Malin Rivers (Botanic Gardens Conservation International - BGCI), Isabel Rosa (Bangor University), Kate Scott-Gatty (Zoological Society of London - ZSL), Hanno Seebens (Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre), Will Simonson (UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring - UNEP-WCMC), Bruce Stein (National Wildlife Federation), Amanda Stone (WWF-US), Michele Thieme (WWF-US), Dave Tickner (WWF-UK), Derek Tittensor (Dalhousie University), Ginya Truitt Nakata (International Potato Centre), Edgar Turner (University of Cambridge), Paula Valdujo (WWF-Brazil), Riyan van den Born (Radboud University Nijmegen), Chris van Swaay (Butterfly Conservation Europe), Nicola van Wilgen (South African National Parks - SANParks), Ronald Vargas (UN Food and Agriculture Organization - FAO), Oscar Venter (University of British Columbia), Piero Visconti (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis), Mathis Wackernagel (Global Footprint Network), Catharine Ward Thompson (University of Edinburgh), James Watson (Wildlife Conservation Society), Robert Watson (Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research), Dominic Waughray (World Economic Forum - WEF), Sarah Whitmee (Oxford University), Brooke Williams (University of Queensland) and Jessica Williams (University College London - UCL)

Other sources:

Insects soil and plants

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - The importance of bees and other pollinators for food and agriculture

National Geographic - Bumblebees are going extinct in a time of ‘climate chaos’

Food security

The Conversation - The quest to save the banana from extinction

The World Bank - Addressing the climate threat to the world’s coffee

World Economic Forum - 12 of your favorite foods that might be going extinct soon

Healthy people

WWF-UK - Zoonotic diseases

The economy:

World Economic Forum - The global risks report 2020

WWF Global Food Practice - More pollinators, fewer pandemics — a food system for the next normal

Nature based solutions:

WWF-EU - Enhancing NDCs through nature-based solutions

WWF Freshwater Practice - The world’s cities rely on the world’s wetlands

Reversing Nature Loss

Leclère, D. et al. 2020 - Bending the curve of terrestrial biodiversity needs an integrated strategy

LPR website design and build: Fivos Avgerinos and James Ryder-Richardson

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Read the Living Planet report 2020